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Relaxation techniques such as meditation also can be helpful in the treatment of arachnophobia. A person with arachnophobia will go to great lengths to ensure that she is not exposed to a spider. The Different Reasons Why People Are Afraid of Mirrors, Psychoeducational Group Therapy Can Help You Overcome Your Phobias, If Birds Make You Freak Out, You Might Have Ornithophobia, The Role Does Biological Preparedness Has With Learning, Coping With the Fear of Dead Things (Necrophobia), A to Z: List of Phobias, From the Strange to the Common, Daily Tips for a Healthy Mind to Your Inbox, antidepressant or anti-anxiety medications. In terms of arachnophobia, a person experiences an incredibly immense amount of fear in the presence of a spider or even after hearing about an encounter with a spider. If you are alone, you may actually leave the house rather than deal with the spider. Science Figures Out How to Overcome Your Fear of Spiders . Is Your Fear of Animals Normal or a Full-Blown Phobia? Therefore, those psychologists feel that arachnophobia is more likely based on cultural beliefs about the nature of spiders. (Self-Assessment), Self-Care Gift Guide: 7 Gift Ideas to Relieve Stress and Reduce Anxiety. All it needs is high anxiety paired with an object - we've treated people for phobias of everything from buttons to balloons. Data obtained from 338 undergraduates revealed that the FSQ was able to discriminate pho … Humans innately fear animals that are different and spiders and tarantulas are a far departure from humans in terms of looks. While arachnophobia, or fear of spiders, is one of the most common specific phobias, not everyone who dislikes spiders is experiencing a phobia. "Similar to primates, mechanisms in our brains enable us to identify objects as 'spider' or 'snake' … Ever wonder what your personality type means? John E. Cother tells their story with elaborate description and rich dialogue, giving readers a generous view into the lives of two brave young people. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spider-bites/symptoms-causes/syc-20352371. A fear of spiders can be a conditioned response meaning that you encountered a negative situation associated with a spider and then developed a fearful reaction to spiders. In certain areas of Africa, large spiders are feared, for instance, but in South Africa, where spiders are eaten, people may be unafraid of them. Another theory is that your fear of spiders could be genetic. Ruth Schuster. Install tight-fitting screens on your doors and windows, and seal off any cracks where spiders could enter. “This is the method of learning relaxation techniques and then confronting our fears from what we fear the least to what we fear the most,” Dr. Manavitz explains. As with other phobias, arachnophobia can develop in a person because she sees the reaction to spiders of others with the phobia. While it’s not uncommon for people to dislike arachnids or insects, phobias of … This extreme fear of spiders and other eight-legged arachnids (like scorpions) may actually be an evolutionary response: spiders, specifically poisonous ones, have long been linked to illness and infections. Reviewed by: … The person may even have no guts to see a picture of spider in severe cases of arachnophobia. First, it’s important to establish if it’s just a fear – or entomophobia or arachnophobia. Not many people like spiders. Fear of strangers is so rare among adults that it does not even have a name. A lot of experts believe that a couple of hundred years, humans were probably less afraid of spiders than they are now. Arachnophobia refers to the intense fear of spiders, or spider phobia. Spiders are not everybody’s favorite insects; they are hated by most people on the planet, but next only to snakes. Like all specific phobias, arachnophobia is most commonly treated with therapy, particularly cognitive-behavioral techniques. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) focuses on stopping the negative automatic thoughts that are associated with the feared object or situation, replacing them with more rational thoughts instead. Other psychologists argue that many animals were more likely to pose a threat to ancient humans, from tigers to crocodiles. When many people see one, they have a reaction from trying to kill the spider to running from it. In many people, the fear of spiders elicits a “disgust response,”  People with severe arachnophobia have such an extreme aversion to spiders that they may be afraid to go into their basement or garage because a spider may be present. Sometimes, an antidepressant or an anti-anxiety medication may be prescribed as a way to combat arachnophobia, Dr. Manavitz says. The fear of spiders can have a very negative effect on a person’s general well being. This extreme fear of spiders and other eight-legged arachnids (like scorpions) may actually be an evolutionary response: spiders, specifically poisonous ones, have long been linked to illness and infections. Some experts theorize that a fear of spiders is influenced by one’s cultural background. With Patrick O'Neal, Kim Stanley, Wally Cox, Robert Morse. Eventually, a person can change her physical reaction to seeing a spider. The fear may reach to the extent that the person avoids any place or activity where he/she anticipates seeing spiders. Arachnophobia comes from the Greek word for spider, which is “arachne,” and “phobos,” the Greek word for fear. Arachnophobia is an intense and irrational fear of spiders and other arachnids such as scorpions. The person with a phobia has a persistent and excessive fear that interferes with her functioning. Arachnophobia is signified by irrelevant and irrational fear of spiders. […] Anxiety and Phobias: What are Specific Phobias? Eventually, you may find yourself limiting your activities in an effort to avoid spiders. In cognitive behavioral therapy, the therapist tries to replace the negative automatic thoughts associated with spiders with more rational thoughts. Fear of spiders is common. Everyday Health reports that out of the 40,000 species of spiders, only a few are actually dangerous . ‘What Does a Panic Attack Feel Like?’ How to Explain a Panic Attack to a Loved One, Do I Have Test Anxiety? It is the most common example of an animal-based phobia – and many people experience it mildly. "We conclude that fear of snakes and spiders is of evolutionary origin," Hoehl explains. Since most spiders are venomous, although most do not pose a threat to humans, a fear of spiders may have made humans more likely to survive and reproduce. Few of us care much for spiders, and most of us would be inclined to squirm with fright if we discovered one crawling up our leg. Lisa Fritscher is a freelance writer and editor with a deep interest in phobias and other mental health topics. The fear of animals, of spiders more specifically (arachnophobia), is one of the most common. Most folks these days are deadly afraid of the spiders, but it hasn’t always been the case in human society. Since spiders can never be avoided with certainty in everyday life, a spider phobia can be very hindering. Just observing the response to spiders shown by an arachnophobic person may seem illogical to others and also frequently to the sufferer himself. Remedy Health Media & PsyCom do not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Active expectation of confronting spiders reduces arachnophobes’ anxiety while uncertainty about seeing any just makes matters worse, Israeli psychologists find. The response to spiders shown by an arachnophobic individual may seem irrational to others and often to the sufferer himself. Top Mental Health Apps: An Effective Alternative for When You Can’t Afford Therapy? Use of this website is conditional upon your acceptance of our User Agreement. For them, it’s a learned response—it makes an impression when they see a family member shriek in terror and run out of the house at the very sight of a cobweb. People with this condition may show symptoms similar to a panic attack when presented with their fears. Different people suffer to different degrees and to those who do not suffer them, phobias seem irrational. Arachnophobia is an extreme fear of spiders. With cognitive reframing, a person can learn to change the way she looks at spiders so that she no longer perceives them as disgusting and dangerous. Arachnophobia is the fear of Spiders. Arachnophobia comes from the Greek word for spider, which is “arachne,” and “phobos,” the Greek word for fear. If you have arachnophobia, you will probably go out of your way to ensure that you do not come into contact with a spider. You may even dread visiting the zoo or participating in sports that involve being outside in a field. Understanding Arachnophobia or the Fear of Spiders, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. Also, you should be aware that while there are more than 63,000 species of spiders in the world, just 2% of them are dangerous. This information is not designed to replace a physician's independent judgment about the appropriateness or risks of a procedure for a given patient. Arachnophobia & Fear of Spiders in Children Arachnophobia is a common fear. After listening to the fear of spiders CD I am pleased to report that I put my first house friend in a jam jar, took him into the garden, with me giggling all the way, and let him go. Some scientists believe that there may be a genetic component to an individual’s fear of spiders. One of the most common phobias is arachnophobia, a debilitating fear of spiders, says Alan Manavitz, MD, clinical psychiatrist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. She may be unwilling to participate in activities that carry a heightened risk of exposure to spiders, such as going down into a basement where she once saw spider webs. For some people, it has very intense effects. Fear of Spiders Arachnophobia is the scientific name for the fear of spiders. If you find a spider in your home, you may react in one of two ways: either screaming and running away or freezing in place. Published on 16.11.2020. Take our 2-minute anxiety quiz to see if you may benefit from further diagnosis and treatment. Many people of the Dark Ages believed that spiders contaminated food and water. How Are the Most Common Phobias or Fears Treated? Although almost everyone is startled at the sight of a spider, in people with spider phobia it goes further than that. Only 5% of adults report a phobia of heights, and 3-6% report a phobia of spiders and snakes. The fact is, human beings can become phobic of anything. If you have had a traumatic experience involving a spider, like a spider bite, chances are that you will be more likely to develop arachnophobia. Read up on spiders. The word Arachnophobia is derived from the Greek word ‘arachne’ meaning spiders. And some individuals with arachnophobia get help from virtual reality therapy, in which they are exposed to virtual representations of spiders. One of the most common theories was put forth by evolutionary psychologists. 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