, In 1905, he had supplied the Swedish physicist Walfrid Ekman with the data which established the principle in oceanography known as the Ekman spiral.  Later he was to express himself bitterly on the matter: "There was in various transatlantic countries such an abundance of maize, that the farmers had to burn it as fuel in their railway engines. Nansen’s father was a lawyer who became reporter for the … On 8 December he set out for home, but before he reached Polhøgda he learned, from a telegram, that Eva had died.  It was the British explorer Frederick Jackson, who was leading an expedition to Franz Josef Land and was camped at Cape Flora on nearby Northbrook Island. 1. The results were eventually published in six volumes, and according to a later polar scientist, Robert Rudmose-Brown, "were to Arctic oceanography what the Challenger expedition results had been to the oceanography of other oceans. Fridtjof Nansen was a famous Norwegian explorer, who was born on October 10, 1861. Its rounded hull was designed to push the ship upwards when beset by pack ice. Born in Oslo, Norway in 1861, Nansen was known to cross-country ski as many as 50 miles using minimal supplies. The expedition left Jason "in good spirits and with the highest hopes of a fortunate result. In 1890 Nansen presented before the Norwegian Geographical Society a plan for an even more hazardous expedition. ", In 1900, Nansen became director of the Christiania-based International Laboratory for North Sea Research, and helped found the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Yet, the terrain was rugged and the weather remained hostile. ", Nansen was now considered an oracle by all would-be explorers of the north and south polar regions. In 1882, when he joined the sealing ship Viking for a voyage to the Greenland waters, Nansen first saw at a distance Greenland’s mighty ice cap. In the short summers the main activities were swimming and fishing, while in the autumn the chief pastime was hunting for game in the forests. Fridtjof Nansen’s appetite for scientific discovery left a mark that inspires a wide range of academic disciplines, right up to the present day.  He was invited by a group of Australians to lead an expedition to Antarctica, but declined, believing that Norway's interests would be better served by a North Pole conquest. ", Johansen was picked up and the pair were taken to Cape Flora where, during the following weeks, they recuperated from their ordeal. Sverdrup constructed a makeshift boat out of parts of the sledges, willows, and their tent. The couple had three children; the first died in infancy, the second, born 10 October 1861, was Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen.  These plans received a generally poor reception in the press; one critic had no doubt that "if [the] scheme be attempted in its present form ... the chances are ten to one that he will ... uselessly throw his own and perhaps others' lives away". Alas! The interest and enthusiasm generated by the expedition's achievement led directly to the formation that year of the Norwegian Geographical Society. https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/1922/nansen/biographical  He was the headline speaker at the single largest Fatherland League rally with 15,000 attendees in Tønsberg in 1928. Nansen acquired a plot of land in the Lysaker district and built, substantially to his own design, a large and imposing house which combined some of the characteristics of an English manor house with features from the Italian renaissance. Throughout the journey, they maintained meteorological and geographical and other records relating to the previously unexplored interior. They restarted the watches based on Nansen's guess they were at 86°E. In 1900 he joined the Michael Sars on a cruise in the Norwegian Sea. After his visit to Armenia, Nansen wrote two additional books: Across Armenia (1927) and Through the Caucasus to the Volga (1930). Nansen was enthusiastic, and made arrangements through a recent acquaintance, Captain Axel Krefting, commander of the sealer Viking. Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (* 10. He was born on October 10, 1861 in Store Frøen, near Oslo, Norway and was one of three children. Fridtjof Nansen Quotes. Nansen’s research was important for a young nation, and he served to inspire it to shift its course away from Sweden and towards the sea and the High North. The Norwegian government fell, and was replaced by one led by Christian Michelsen, whose programme was one of separation from Sweden.  Equally dismissive were Sir Allen Young, a veteran of the searches for Franklin's lost expedition, and Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, who had sailed to the Antarctic on the Ross expedition. And also Fridtjof Nansen is Norwegian Explorer. Ernest Shackleton tried to cross Antarctica and failed, but he boldly rescued his crew and became a hero. , In his lifetime and thereafter, Nansen received honours and recognition from many countries. Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (Norwegian: [ˈfɾɪ̂tːjɔf ˈnɑ̀nsn̩]; 10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian polymath and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. , The length-to-beam ratio—39-metre-long (128 ft) and 11-metre-wide (36 ft)—gave it a stubby appearance, justified by Archer: "A ship that is built with exclusive regard to its suitability for [Nansen's] object must differ essentially from any known vessel.  Nevertheless, Cape Chelyuskin, the most northerly point of the Eurasian continental mass, was passed on 10 September. Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. In science, Nansen is recognised both as one of the founders of modern neurology, and as a significant contributor to early oceanographical science, in particular for his work in establishing the Central Oceanographic Laboratory in Christiania.. " Days of extreme frustration followed as they drifted south. The two were equally astonished by their encounter; after some awkward hesitation Jackson asked: "You are Nansen, aren't you? The world claimed Fridtjof Nansen, but he was firmly rooted in Norway. , Despite the adverse publicity, Nansen received numerous applications from would-be adventurers. The marriage was resented by the Nansen children, and proved unhappy; an acquaintance writing of them in the 1920s said Nansen appeared unbearably miserable and Sigrun steeped in hate. He was a well-known cross-country skier. , At school, Nansen worked adequately without showing any particular aptitude.  Preparations were interrupted early in January when violent tremors shook the ship. Temperatures on the icecap summit of the icecap dropped to −45 °C (−49 °F) at night. Towards the end of August, as the weather grew colder and travel became increasingly difficult, Nansen decided to camp for the winter. , In April 1906 Nansen was appointed Norway's first Minister in London. Swimming and fishing were the main activities during the short, …  Nansen calculated that, at this rate, it might take the ship five years to reach the pole. On 31 May, Nansen calculated they were only 50 nautical miles (93 km; 58 mi) from Cape Fligely, Franz Josef Land's northernmost point. Updates?  Nansen allowed 50 days to cover the 356 nautical miles (660 km; 410 mi) to the pole, an average daily journey of seven nautical miles (13 km; 8 mi). , After a period of mourning, Nansen returned to London.  Nevertheless, it secured the agreement of 14 countries (including a reluctant Great Britain) to the Refugee Convention of 1933. Before leaving for his sabbatical in February 1886 he published a paper summarising his research to date, in which he stated that "anastomoses or unions between the different ganglion cells" could not be demonstrated with certainty. His work on behalf of prisoners of … In addition, he saved the lives of countless thousands through his humanitarian work after the first World War. Mit 714 Kilo Gepäck und 28 Hunden versuchte der Norweger Fridtjof Nansen im März 1895, als Erster den Nordpol zu erreichen. , Early in 1882 Nansen took "...the first fatal step that led me astray from the quiet life of science.  After they landed at Umivik, they spent the next four days preparing for their journey. The party would have no line of retreat to a safe base; the only way to go would be forward, a situation that fitted Nansen's philosophy completely.  Travel conditions worsened as increasingly warmer weather caused the ice to break up. Our part is to find the trail that leads to it. He made his idea public in February 1890, at a meeting of the newly formed Norwegian Geographical Society. As a person born on this date, Fridtjof Nansen is listed in our database as the 84th most popular celebrity for the day (October 10) and the 8th most popular for the year (1861). He proposed to let this ship freeze in off eastern Siberia in order to be carried from there across the Arctic Ocean to Spitsbergen by the currents. , On 17 January 1919 Nansen married Sigrun Munthe, a long-time friend with whom he had had a love affair in 1905, while Eva was still alive. After reaching the pole, Nansen and Johansen would make for the nearest known land, the recently discovered and sketchily mapped Franz Josef Land. The crew disembarked, fearing the vessel would be crushed, but Fram proved herself equal to the danger. The idea remained fixated in Nansen's mind for the next couple of years. They continued climbing until 11 September and reached a height of 2,719 metres (8,921 ft) above sea level. , The homeward voyage to Christiania was a series of triumphant receptions at every port.  He became president of the Norwegian League of Nations Society, and although the Scandinavian nations with their traditions of neutrality initially held themselves aloof, his advocacy helped to ensure that Norway became a full member of the League in 1920, and he became one of its three delegates to the League's General Assembly. He has a utopian personality, and will spend her life trying to realize some aspect of her utopian dream, sacrificing money, time, and energy for a better world. He ordered a change of course due west, towards Godthaab; a shorter journey by at least 150 kilometres (93 mi). For other uses, see. He was a fearless peacemaker, a friend of justice, an advocate always for the weak and suffering.". Signature. Later generations of the family lived in Copenhagen until the mid-18th century, when Ancher Antoni Nansen moved to Norway (then ruled by Denmark). At the request of the Royal Geographical Society, Nansen began work on a study of Arctic discoveries, which developed into a two-volume history of the exploration of the northern regions up to the beginning of the 16th century. , Within the League's Assembly, Nansen spoke out on many issues besides those related to refugees. In 1913 Nansen traveled through the Barents Sea and the Kara Sea to the mouth of the Yenisey River and back through Siberia. Nansen also engaged in humanitarian relief work in 1921, during the severe famine in the Soviet Union. Nansen recorded their latitude as 86°13′6″N—almost three degrees beyond the previous record—and decided to turn around and head back south.. Otto Sverdrup, who took part in Nansen's earlier Greenland expedition was appointed as the expedition's second-in-command. They built a hut of stone and covered it with a roof of walrus hides and lived during the winter mainly on polar bear and walrus meat, using the blubber as fuel. They are modern multipurpose frigates with a balanced set of armament and high quality sensors and systems. Faced with King Oscar's refusal to allow anyone from his own House of Bernadotte to accept the crown, the favoured choice was Prince Charles of Denmark. , Just a life – the story of Fridtjof Nansen was released, a 1968 Norwegian/Soviet biographical film with Knut Wigert as Nansen. On March 14, 1895, Nansen, being satisfied that the Fram would continue to drift safely, left it in 84°4′ N, 102°27′ E, and started northward with dogsleds and kayaks, accompanied by F.H. From then on were uncertain of their true position.  In 1954, the League's successor body, the United Nations, established the Nansen Medal, later named the Nansen Refugee Award, given annually by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to an individual, group or organisation "for outstanding work on behalf of the forcibly displaced". [n 3], Between 1910 and 1914, Nansen participated in several oceanographic voyages. By 29 July, they found themselves 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the point where they left the ship. Nansen was dispatched to Washington by the Norwegian government; after months of discussion, he secured food and other supplies in return for the introduction of a rationing system.  The first weeks in the ice were frustrating, as the drift moved unpredictably; sometimes north, sometimes south. , It soon became clear this land was part of an archipelago. They spent most time camping on the ice itself—it was too dangerous to launch the boats. In accordance with custom he was required to defend his work before appointed examiners acting as "devil's advocates". As they approached the northern islands, progress was hampered by open water and, because of the advanced season, they wintered on Frederick Jackson Island (named by Nansen after the British Arctic explorer), where they stayed from August 26, 1895, to May 19, 1896.  The tracks of an Arctic fox were observed towards the end of April. , In April 1920, at the League's request, Nansen began organising the repatriation of around half a million prisoners of war, stranded in various parts of the world. , Baldur was a lawyer without ambitions for public life, who became Reporter to the Supreme Court of Norway. Even before this work was complete, Nansen was involved in a further humanitarian effort. Nansen soon learned no ship was likely to call at Godthaab until the following spring. Fridtjof Nansen was a Norwegian explorer, oceanographer, humanitarian, diplomat, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. In the weeks before sealing started, Nansen was able to concentrate on scientific studies. He first informed Nansen that he secured his doctorate, a matter that "could not have been more remote from [Nansen's] thoughts at that moment. The rest of the party, according to Nansen, "hailed the change of plan with acclamation.". Fridtjof Nansen didn’t become as world famous as some of the polar explorers who came after him. The vessel was named after the Nobel Price holder Fridtjof Nansen. IMO: 9813084 Schiffstyp: Kreuzfahrtschiff Baujahr: 2019 BRZ: 21765 DWT: 2421 t Passagiere: 530 Länge: 140.00 m Breite: 23.60 m Tiefgang: 5.50 m Die Dr. Fridtjof Nansen ist ein Forschungsschiff der Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation. In later life he settled in Copenhagen, becoming the city's borgmester in 1654.  He developed a detailed plan for a polar venture after his triumphant return from Greenland. , Nansen first began to consider the possibility of reaching the North Pole after reading meteorologist Henrik Mohn's theory on polar drift in 1884. On 1 September 1921, prompted by the British delegate Philip Noel-Baker, he accepted the post of the League's High Commissioner for Refugees. Nansen decided they needed to begin the crossing. This was a much more arduous task than writing the expedition narrative. This ship would enter the ice pack close to the approximate location of Jeannette's sinking, drifting west with the current towards the pole and beyond it—eventually reaching the sea between Greenland and Spitsbergen. Both had set out from Disko Bay on the western coast, and had travelled about 160 kilometres (100 mi) eastward before turning back. He is a scientist, explorer, humanitarian, and also Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Nansen’s success as an explorer was due largely to his careful evaluation of the difficulties that might be encountered, his clear reasoning, which was never influenced by the opinions of others, his willingness to accept a calculated risk, his thorough planning, and his meticulous attention to detail.  The Norwegian parliament refused to provide financial support, believing that such a potentially risky undertaking should not be encouraged.  The foundation of the League at this time was providential as far as Nansen was concerned, giving him a new outlet for his restless energy. After the First World War, he was in charge of the exchanges of 400,000 prisoners of war between Russia, Germany, and the former Austria-Hungary. The boys thought I had broken my neck, but as soon as they saw there was life in me ... a shout of mocking laughter went up.  Although Nansen refused to meet his own countryman and fellow-explorer Carsten Borchgrevink (whom he considered a fraud), he gave advice to Robert Falcon Scott on polar equipment and transport, prior to the 1901–04 Discovery expedition. , Experienced polar explorers were dismissive: Adolphus Greely called the idea "an illogical scheme of self-destruction". Among the initiatives he introduced was the "Nansen passport" for stateless persons, a certificate that used to be recognised by more than 50 countries. 3 likes. They remained on the floe for a month. ", Nansen continued this work for a further two years until, in his final report to the Assembly in 1922, he was able to state that 427,886 prisoners had been repatriated to around 30 different countries. After the end of the World War I, Nansen was appointed the High Commissioner for Refugees of the League of Nations. Fridtjof Nansen was a famous Norwegian explorer, who was born on October 10, 1861. Of these, 300,000 were in Russia which, gripped by revolution and civil war, had little interest in their fate. Although the passport was created initially for refugees from Russia, it was extended to cover other groups. Nansen published a report from the trip in Through Siberia. Fridtjof Nansen Data.  Nansen received the news philosophically: "What is the value of having goals for their own sake? Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (Norwegian: [²fɾɪtːjɔf ˈnɑnsn̩]; 10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ", Hvidbjørnen reached Copenhagen on 21 May 1889.  Nansen was able to report to the Assembly in November 1920 that around 200,000 men had been returned to their homes. The speciality restaurant Lindstrom (complimentary for suite passengers, but available to other passengers at a fee) brings refined Norwegian Nordic cooking to cruise, with feature dishes including reindeer. In his youth he was a champion skier and ice skater. This exploit had near-disastrous consequences, as on landing the skis dug deep into the snow, pitching the boy forward: "I, head first, described a fine arc in the air ... [W]hen I came down again I bored into the snow up to my waist.  His main task was to work with representatives of the major European powers on an Integrity Treaty which would guarantee Norway's position. , Nansen was a close friend of a clergyman named Wilhelm. He ended: We all have a Land of Beyond to seek in our life—what more can we ask? https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/229370.Fridtjof_Nansen Heavy pack ice was sighted ten days later at around latitude 78°N, as Fram approached the area in which USS Jeannette was crushed. A workable plan would require a sturdy and manoeuvrable small ship, capable of carrying fuel and provisions for twelve men for five years. Fridtjof Nansen's Profile Brief about Fridtjof Nansen: By info that we know Fridtjof Nansen was born at 1970-01-01. Hans Nansen (1598–1667), a trader, was an early explorer of the White Sea region of the Arctic Ocean. During 1896–1917 he devoted most of his time and energy to scientific work.  Without delay Nansen and Johansen sailed for Tromsø, where they were reunited with their comrades. In 1938, the year in which it was superseded by a wider-ranging body, the Nansen Office was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. 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